Among the 29 states in India, Kerala has the:
1. Highest Human Development Index (HDI) (0.790)( Human Development Report 2011)
2. Highest literacy rate( 95.5%)
3. Highest life expectancy (Almost 77 years)
4. Highest sex ratio (as defined by number of women per 1000 men: 1,084 women per 1000 men)
5. Lowest homicide rate ( 1.1 per 100,000)
6. Lowest positive population growth (3.44%)
Kerala has “life expectancy"‚and "infant mortality rates" close to that of the USA. Kerala has undergone the "demographic transition" characteristic of such developed nations as Canada, Japan, and Norway. 11.2% of people are over the age of 60, and birthrate is as low as 18 per 1,000. In 1991, Kerala's total fertility rate (TFR) was the lowest in India. Kerala's 13.3% prevalence of low birth weight is higher than that of First World nations
Indicus Analytics, finds Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode, Kochi, Thrissur and Kannur of Kerala, among the 10 best cities in India to spend life.The survey used parameters such as health, education, environment, safety, public facilities and entertainment to rank the cities.
Kerala has :
(a) 7 universities offering up to Doctoral studies; One S&T university, one Agricultural university
(b) Over 84 engineering colleges, Over 10 medical colleges, Over 100 Science colleges.
(c) Indian Institute of Management(IIM), National Institute of Technology(NIT), Indian Institute of Information Technology & Management- Kerala(IIITM-K)
(d) Centres of Excellence- Indian Institute of Science Education & Research(IISER) and Indian Institute of Space Sciences & Technology (IIST).
1. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre with over 6000 scientists and engineers, nerve centre of India's space programs
2. National Institute of Interdisciplinary Science & Technology (NIST) under the CSIR
3. Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC)
4. Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology
5. CMFRI, CPCRI, KFRI, CWRDM, SCTIMS, TBGRI etc
6. Strong Research Centers of various universities
National Geographic's Traveller magazine names Kerala as one of the "ten paradises of the world" and "50 must see destinations of a lifetime". Travel and Leisure names Kerala as "One of the 100 great trips for the 21st century". In 2012, Kerala overtook Taj Mahal to be the number one travel destination in Google's search trends for India. Kerala's beaches, backwaters, mountain ranges and wildlife sanctuaries are the major attractions for both domestic and international tourist.
Most of the biodiversity in Kerala is concentrated and protected in the Western Ghats. Out of the 4,000 flowering plant species , 900 species are medicinal plants, and 1,272 are endemic to Kerala. Two of the world's Ramsar Convention listed wetlands -Lake Sasthamkotta and the Vembanad-Kol wetlands - are in Kerala, as well as 1455.4 sq kms of the vast Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
Indian Elephant, Bengal Tiger, Indian Leopard, Nilgiri Tahr, Common Palm Civet, and Grizzled Giant Squirrel are found in Kerala forests. Reptiles include the King Cobra, Viper, Python, and Mugger Crocodile. Kerala's birds include - Malabar Trogon, the Great Hornbill, Kerala Laughingthrush, Darter, Southern Hill Myna and several emblematic species. In lakes, wetlands, and waterways, fish such as kadu, stinging catfish and Choottachi, Orange chromide- Etroplus maculatus are found.
Technopark, in the capital city of Trivandrum is the largest IT employer in Kerala and employs around 35,000 people. It was the first technology park in India and is the largest IT Park in India. Software giants like Infosys, Oracle, Tata Consultancy Services, Capgemini, HCL, UST Global, Nest, Suntec and IBS have offices here. Trivandrum is also the IT Hub of Kerala and hold around 80% of the software exports. It has extended it activites to Kollam with 100,000 square feet of built up space. Cyberparks are coming up at Kozhikode , Kannur and Kasaragod. Inforparks are located at Ambalapuzha, Cochin, Thrissur and Cheratala.
Kerala with its unique social fabric and enabling communication infrastructure is poised to evolve into an information enabled and powered state.100% of Kerala's 988 Telephone exchanges are digital and are connected by OFC to the National Internet Backbone (NIB). All the major telecom players operate in Kerala.